ヨランダ・ダニエルス Yolande DANIELS
スタジオSUMO / コロンビア大学大学院建築都市計画学科助教授
Studio SUMO / Columbia University, Associate Prof. Graduate School of Architecture & Planning, New York

"black" city

The "black" city, draws from the urban imaginary and urban peripheries to produce hybrid urban forms.  The object is to engage the urban imaginary regarding contested or peripheralized regions and subjects.  Every city has limits.  The limits of the "black" city shift in response to internal and external pressures and are produced by urban dynamics.

Histories of the "black" city cite it as a source of vice and negative pathologies; as unhealthy and infectious; as libidinous and libratory.  The "white city" of progress, the Chicago World’s Exposition, was constructed in contrast to the "black city" of 19th century industry.  The "black cities" of North America became consolidated in the rise and decline of the 20th century industrial revolution. "black" city is an abstraction of the concepts, dynamics, values, and forms of cities that were shaped by migration patterns from the 1920’s to the present (New York, Los Angeles, Detroit, Miami and New Orleans, etc.).  The abstract city is both and index of and indexed to real cities through census data and GIS technology.

As a generalized condition, the "black" city is given specificity through local statistics.  This data is valued, applied to the matrix and set in play by dynamic forces or behaviors that are programmed in a 3-dimensional game field.  The performances and interactions of behaviors (the play of the game) produce "forms."   "Forms" are seen to be the resultants of socio-cultural behaviors and relationships and urban conditions are defined in the play of value systems within the field.

In the exchange, the public engages in urban analysis and speculation and is encouraged to draw connections between social concepts, social space, urban dynamics, and urban forms.  The "black" city seeks to disseminate urban theories and reality to the public so that they may question the forms we inhabit and the ways that we value them.